• Gabi Berger

5 Basic Rules of Composition

Updated: Dec 29, 2018

There are no unbreakable rules when it comes to how you should compose your photos. These are rather techniques or guidelines that you can use.

There are a number of established composition techniques which can be applied in almost any situation to enhance the impact of your capture.

Composition refers to the way the various elements in a scene are arranged within the frame. Many of these guidelines and terms have been used in art to help achieve more attractive compositions.

When getting ready to capture a photo, try to decide in your mind which one (or more than one) of these guidelines you are going to follow.

1. Rule of Thirds/Golden Ratio



2. Centered Composition and Symmetry

2.1 Centered composition

2.2 Breaking symmetry in a centered composition

3. Changing your point of view/Angles


3.2 From above

3.3 Extreme angle

4. Leading Lines

4.1 Using eye and movement direction

4.2 Leading lines

5. Framing


5.2 Frame within frame

Digital photography allows us to capture the same scene with different compositions until we find the perfect one for the scene.

Enjoy and experiment!

Once you are familiar with the above 5 Basic Rules of Composition, check out our list of 5 Advanced Rules of Composition post.

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